The Great Ideas Today (1963) Bibliography of Philosophy and Religion

The following books are mentioned in John Herman Randall Jr.’s essay on Philosophy and Religion in The Great Ideas Today, 1963, pp. 227-276.

Armstrong, D. M. Bodily Sensations. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962.

Armstrong, D. M. Perception and the Physical World. New York: Humanities Press, 1961.

Austin, J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Austin, J. L. Philosophical Papers. ed. by J. O. Urmson and G.J. Warnock. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Austin, J. L. Sense and Sensibilia, ed. by G. J. Warnock. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Black, Max, Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1962.

Blanshard, Brand, Reason and Analysis. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1962.

Buchanan, Emerson. Aristotle’s Theory of Being. Cambridge, Mass.: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Monographs, Number 2, 1962.

Cohen, L. Jonathan, The Diversity of Meaning. London: Methuen & Company Ltd., 1962.

Crombie, I. M., An Examination of Plato’s Docrines. Vol. I, Plato on Man and Society; Vol. II, Plato on Knowledge and Reality. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962, 1963.

Deane, Herbert A. The Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine.  Columbia University Press, 1963.

Ferre. Frederick. Language, Logic and God. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961.

Geach, Peter T., Reference and Generality: An Examination of Some Medieval and Modern Theories. Ithaca, N.Y.; Cornell University Press, 1962.

Gilson, Etienne, and Langan, Thomas, Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant. New York: Random House, Inc., 1963.

Gulley, Norman, Plato’s Theory of Knowledge, New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1962.

Guthrie, W. K. C., A History of Greek Philosophy. Vol. I, The Earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1962.

Hare, Richard M., Freedom and Reason. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Heidegger, Martin, Being and Time, trans. by John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

Hook, Sidney. The Paradoxes of Freedom, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.

Kaelin, Eugene F., An Existentialist Aesthetic: The Theories of Sartre and Merlau-Ponty. Madison: Universit of Wisoconsin Press, 1962.

Kline, George L. (ed.), Alfred North Whitehead: Essays on His Philosophy. Englwood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963.

Kneale, William, and Kneale, Martha, The Development of Logic. Fair Lawn, N.J. Oxford University Press, 1962.

Knowles, David. The Evolution of Medieval Thought. Baltimore:  Helicon Press, Inc., 1962.

Kuhn, Thomas S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Foundations of the Unity of Science, Vol. II, No. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

Laslett, Peter, and Runciman, W. G. (eds.), Philosophy, Politics and Society (Second Series). Oxford, England: Basil Blackwell, & Mott, Ltd. 1962.

Leclerc, Ivor (ed.), The Relevance of Whitehead. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1961.

Lovejoy, Arthur O., The Thirteen Pragmatisms and Other Essays. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1963.

Lowe, Victor, Understanding Whitehead. Baltimore; Johns Hopkins Press, 1962.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, Phenomenology of Perception, trans. from the French by Colin Smith. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962.

Popper, Karl, Conjectures and Reflections: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1963.

Ramsey, Ian T. (ed.), Prospects for Metaphysics. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Schneider, Herbert W., Ways of Being: Elements of Analytic Ontology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962.

Smith, John E., The Spirit of American Philosophy. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Thorson, Thomas Landon, The Logic of Democracy. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., 1962.

Tillich, Paul, Christianity and the Encounter of the World Religions. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.

Wieman, Henry Nelson, The Empirical Theology of Henry Nelson Wieman, ed. by Robet W. Bretall. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1963.

Wright, Georg H. von, The Varieties of Goodness. New York:  Humanities Press, 1963.

Yolton, John W., Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind. La Salle, Ill.: The Open Court Publishing Co., 1962.

Zink, Sidney, The Concepts of Ethics. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Incorporated, 1962.










Timaeus by Plato

Translated by Benjamin Jowett

PERSONS OF THE DIALOGUE: Socrates, Critias, Timaeus, Hermocrates.

SOCRATES: One, two, three; but where, my dear Timaeus, is the fourth of those who were yesterday my guests and are to be my entertainers to-day?

TIMAEUS: He has been taken ill, Socrates; for he would not willingly have been absent from this gathering.

SOCRATES: Then, if he is not coming, you and the two others must supply his place.

TIMAEUS: Certainly, and we will do all that we can; having been handsomely entertained by you yesterday, those of us who remain should be only too glad to return your hospitality.

SOCRATES: Do you remember what were the points of which I required you to speak? Continue reading

MOBY-DICK as Philosophy

Artwork by Matt Kish

Artwork by Matt Kish

Mark Anderson,  Professor of Philosophy at Belmont University,  has written and blogged his entire book about Melville, Plato, and Nietzsche. You can read the book online, free. It includes commentary for every chapter in Moby-Dick — way cool for readers of Melville and gluttons for philosophy. As Anderson says,

“This site is home to a book too unusual to interest your typical risk-averse publisher. Moby-Dick as Philosophy: Plato – Melville – Nietzsche blurs the disciplinary boundaries between literary criticism, history of philosophy, and philosophical meditation. It is a work of original creative philosophy.”


On Interpretation

Aristotle (translated by E.M. Edghill)

Sections: 1234567891011121314


First we must define the terms ‘noun’ and ‘verb’, then the terms ‘denial’ and ‘affirmation’, then ‘proposition’ and ‘sentence.’

Spoken words are the symbols of mental experience and written words are the symbols of spoken words. Just as all men have not the same writing, so all men have not the same speech sounds, but the mental experiences, which these directly symbolize, are the same for all, as also are those things of which our experiences are the images. This matter has, however, been discussed in my treatise about the soul, for it belongs to an investigation distinct from that which lies before us.

As there are in the mind thoughts which do not involve truth or falsity, and also those which must be either true or false, so it is in speech. For truth and falsity imply combination and separation. Nouns and verbs, provided nothing is added, are like thoughts without combination or separation; ‘man’ and ‘white’, as isolated terms, are not yet either true or false. In proof of this, consider the word ‘goat-stag.’ It has significance, but there is no truth or falsity about it, unless ‘is’ or ‘is not’ is added, either in the present or in some other tense.

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There’s More to Life Than Being Happy – The Atlantic

In 1991, the Library of Congress and Book-of-the-Month Club listed Man’s Search for Meaning as one of the 10 most influential books in the United States. It has sold millions of copies worldwide. Now, over twenty years later, the book’s ethos — its emphasis on meaning, the value of suffering, and responsibility to something greater than the self — seems to be at odds with our culture, which is more interested in the pursuit of individual happiness than in the search for meaning. “To the European,” Frankl wrote, “it is a characteristic of the American culture that, again and again, one is commanded and ordered to ‘be happy.’ But happiness cannot be pursued; it must ensue. One must have a reason to ‘be happy.'”

via There’s More to Life Than Being Happy – The Atlantic.


Living backwards and forwards

“It is perfectly true, as the philosophers say, that life must be understood backwards. But they forget the other proposition, that it must be lived forwards.”
– Soren Kierkegaard

via Soren Kierkegaard quote – Daily Inspiration Blog.

The Categories

The Categories

Aristotle (Translated by E. M. Edghill)


Section 1: Part 1 ~ Part 2 ~ Part 3 ~ Part 4 ~ Part 5 ~ Part 6

Section 2: Part 7 ~ Part 8

Section 3: Part 9 ~ Part 10 ~ Part 11 ~ Part 12 ~ Part 13 ~ Part 14 ~ Part 15

Section 1

Part 1

Things are said to be named ‘equivocally’ when, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. Thus, a real man and a figure in a picture can both lay claim to the name ‘animal’; yet these are equivocally so named, for, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. For should any one define in what sense each is an animal, his definition in the one case will be appropriate to that case only.

On the other hand, things are said to be named ‘univocally’ which have both the name and the definition answering to the name in common. A man and an ox are both ‘animal’, and these are univocally so named, inasmuch as not only the name, but also the definition, is the same in both cases: for if a man should state in what sense each is an animal, the statement in the one case would be identical with that in the other.

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