The Great Ideas Today (1963) Bibliography of Philosophy and Religion

The following books are mentioned in John Herman Randall Jr.’s essay on Philosophy and Religion in The Great Ideas Today, 1963, pp. 227-276.

Armstrong, D. M. Bodily Sensations. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962.

Armstrong, D. M. Perception and the Physical World. New York: Humanities Press, 1961.

Austin, J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Austin, J. L. Philosophical Papers. ed. by J. O. Urmson and G.J. Warnock. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Austin, J. L. Sense and Sensibilia, ed. by G. J. Warnock. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Black, Max, Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1962.

Blanshard, Brand, Reason and Analysis. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1962.

Buchanan, Emerson. Aristotle’s Theory of Being. Cambridge, Mass.: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Monographs, Number 2, 1962.

Cohen, L. Jonathan, The Diversity of Meaning. London: Methuen & Company Ltd., 1962.

Crombie, I. M., An Examination of Plato’s Docrines. Vol. I, Plato on Man and Society; Vol. II, Plato on Knowledge and Reality. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962, 1963.

Deane, Herbert A. The Political and Social Ideas of St. Augustine.  Columbia University Press, 1963.

Ferre. Frederick. Language, Logic and God. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961.

Geach, Peter T., Reference and Generality: An Examination of Some Medieval and Modern Theories. Ithaca, N.Y.; Cornell University Press, 1962.

Gilson, Etienne, and Langan, Thomas, Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant. New York: Random House, Inc., 1963.

Gulley, Norman, Plato’s Theory of Knowledge, New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1962.

Guthrie, W. K. C., A History of Greek Philosophy. Vol. I, The Earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1962.

Hare, Richard M., Freedom and Reason. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Heidegger, Martin, Being and Time, trans. by John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

Hook, Sidney. The Paradoxes of Freedom, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.

Kaelin, Eugene F., An Existentialist Aesthetic: The Theories of Sartre and Merlau-Ponty. Madison: Universit of Wisoconsin Press, 1962.

Kline, George L. (ed.), Alfred North Whitehead: Essays on His Philosophy. Englwood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963.

Kneale, William, and Kneale, Martha, The Development of Logic. Fair Lawn, N.J. Oxford University Press, 1962.

Knowles, David. The Evolution of Medieval Thought. Baltimore:  Helicon Press, Inc., 1962.

Kuhn, Thomas S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Foundations of the Unity of Science, Vol. II, No. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

Laslett, Peter, and Runciman, W. G. (eds.), Philosophy, Politics and Society (Second Series). Oxford, England: Basil Blackwell, & Mott, Ltd. 1962.

Leclerc, Ivor (ed.), The Relevance of Whitehead. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1961.

Lovejoy, Arthur O., The Thirteen Pragmatisms and Other Essays. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1963.

Lowe, Victor, Understanding Whitehead. Baltimore; Johns Hopkins Press, 1962.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, Phenomenology of Perception, trans. from the French by Colin Smith. New York: Humanities Press, Inc., 1962.

Popper, Karl, Conjectures and Reflections: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1963.

Ramsey, Ian T. (ed.), Prospects for Metaphysics. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Schneider, Herbert W., Ways of Being: Elements of Analytic Ontology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962.

Smith, John E., The Spirit of American Philosophy. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Thorson, Thomas Landon, The Logic of Democracy. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc., 1962.

Tillich, Paul, Christianity and the Encounter of the World Religions. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.

Wieman, Henry Nelson, The Empirical Theology of Henry Nelson Wieman, ed. by Robet W. Bretall. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1963.

Wright, Georg H. von, The Varieties of Goodness. New York:  Humanities Press, 1963.

Yolton, John W., Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind. La Salle, Ill.: The Open Court Publishing Co., 1962.

Zink, Sidney, The Concepts of Ethics. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Incorporated, 1962.











Timaeus, Introduction & Analysis

Introduction & Analysis by Benjamin Jowett

Of all the writings of Plato the Timaeus is the most obscure and repulsive to the modern reader, and has nevertheless had the greatest influence over the ancient and mediaeval world. The obscurity arises in the infancy of physical science, out of the confusion of theological, mathematical, and physiological notions, out of the desire to conceive the whole of nature without any adequate knowledge of the parts, and from a greater perception of similarities which lie on the surface than of differences which are hidden from view. To bring sense under the control of reason; to find some way through the mist or labyrinth of appearances, either the highway of mathematics, or more devious paths suggested by the analogy of man with the world, and of the world with man; to see that all things have a cause and are tending towards an end—this is the spirit of the ancient physical philosopher. He has no notion of trying an experiment and is hardly capable of observing the curiosities of nature which are ‘tumbling out at his feet,’ or of interpreting even the most obvious of them. He is driven back from the nearer to the more distant, from particulars to generalities, from the earth to the stars. He lifts up his eyes to the heavens and seeks to guide by their motions his erring footsteps. But we neither appreciate the conditions of knowledge to which he was subjected, nor have the ideas which fastened upon his imagination the same hold upon us. For he is hanging between matter and mind; he is under the dominion at the same time both of sense and of abstractions; his impressions are taken almost at random from the outside of nature; he sees the light, but not the objects which are revealed by the light; and he brings into juxtaposition things which to us appear wide as the poles asunder, because he finds nothing between them. He passes abruptly from persons to ideas and numbers, and from ideas and numbers to persons,—from the heavens to man, from astronomy to physiology; he confuses, or rather does not distinguish, subject and object, first and final causes, and is dreaming of geometrical figures lost in a flux of sense. He contrasts the perfect movements of the heavenly bodies with the imperfect representation of them (Rep.), and he does not always require strict accuracy even in applications of number and figure (Rep.). His mind lingers around the forms of mythology, which he uses as symbols or translates into figures of speech. He has no implements of observation, such as the telescope or microscope; the great science of chemistry is a blank to him. It is only by an effort that the modern thinker can breathe the atmosphere of the ancient philosopher, or understand how, under such unequal conditions, he seems in many instances, by a sort of inspiration, to have anticipated the truth. Continue reading

1962 Great Ideas Today bibliography for Philosophy & Religion

The 1962 bibliography for this category is quite extensive. greatideastoday1962

Adler, Mortimer J. The Idea of Freedom, Volume II: A Dialectical Examination of the Controversies about Freedom New York: Doubleday & Company, 1961
Anscombe, G.E.M. and Geach, P.T. Three Philosophers Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1961
Aron, Raymond Introduction to the Philosophy of History Boston: Beacon Press, 1961
Blakeley, Thomas J. Soviet Scholasticism Dordrecht, Neth: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1961
Blanshard, Brand Reason and Goodness New York: The Macmillan Co, 1961
Bochenski, I.M. and Blakely, T.J. (eds.) Studies in Soviet Thought Vol. I Dordrecht, Neth: D. Reidel Publishing Co., 1961
Buchler, Justus The Concept of Method New York: Columbia University Press, 1961
Capek, Milic The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics Princeton: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1961
Cassirer, Ernst The Logic of the Humanities New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961
D’Arcy, Martin C. No Absent God New York: Harper & Brothers, 1962
De Waelhens, Alphonse La Philosophie et les experiences naturelles The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1961
Fackenheim, Emil L. Metaphysics and Historicity Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1961
Ferre, Frederick Language, Logic and God New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961
Fromm, Erich Marx’s Concept of Man New York: Frederick Unga Publiching Co., 1961
Goudge, T.A. The Ascent of Life Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1961
Greene, John C. Darwin and the Modern World View Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1961
Heidegger, Martin Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1962
Hook, Sidney The Quest for Being New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1961
Huxley, Julian (ed.) The Humanist Frame London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1961
Jaspers, Karl The Future of Mankind Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961
Jaspers, Karl The Great Philosophers: The Foundations New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc., 1962
Kroner, Richard Speculation and Revelation in Modern Philosophy Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1961
Lovejoy, Arthur O. Reflections on Human Nature Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1961
Lovejoy, Arthur O. The Reason, the Understanding, and Time Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1961
Macmurray, John Persons in Relation New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961
Margenau, Henry Open Vistas: Philosophical Perspectives of Modern Science New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961
Maritain, Jacques On the Use of Philosophy Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1961
Moore, Edward C. American Pragmatism: Peirce, James, and Dewey New York: Columbia University Press, 1961
O’Meara, John Charter of Christendom: The Significance of the City of God New York: The Macmillan Co, 1961
Oppenheim, Felix E. Dimensions of Freedom New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1961
Popkin, Richard H. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes New York: Humanities Press, 1961
Rintelen, Fritz-Joachim von Beyond Existentialism London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1961
Schrag, Calvin O. Existence and Freedom: Towards an Ontology of Human Finitude Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1961
Sillem, Edward Ways of Thinking about God: Thomas Aquinas and Some Recent Problems London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1961
Singer, Marcus G. Generalization in Ethics New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1961
Smith, John E. Reason and God: Encounters of Philosophy with Religion New Haven: Yale University Press, 1961
Sontag, Frederick Divine Perfection: Possible Ideas of God New York: Harper & Brothers, 1962
Spiegelberg, Herbert The Phenomenological Movement: A Historical Introduction, 2 vols. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1960
Toulmin, Stephen Foresight and Understanding: An Enquiryi into the Aims of Science Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1961
Tucker, Robert Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx New York: Cambridge University Press, 1961
Vycinas, Vincent Earth and Gods: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Martin Heidegger The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1961
Weiss, Paul The World of Art Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1961
Aquinas, St. Thomas Commentary on the Metaphysics of Aristotle. Trans. By John P. Rowan. 2 vols. Chicago: Henry Regnery Co., 1961
Armstrong, D.M. Perception and the Physical World New York: Humanities Press, 1961
Bettoni, Efrem Duns Scotus: The Basic Principles of His Philosophy Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1961
Bird, Graham Kant’s Theory of Knowledge New York: Humanities Press, 1962
Bochenski, I.M. A History of Formal Logic Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1961
Bredvold, Louis I. The Brave New World of the Enlightenment Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961
Kirkwood, M.M. Santayana: Saint of the Imagination Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1961
Kneale, William, and Kneale, Martha The Development of Logic New York: Oxford University Press, 1962
Lauer, R.M. The Mind of Voltaire Westminster, MD: The Newman Press, 1961
Malia, Martin Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism, 1812-1855 Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961
Murphey, Murra G. The Development of Peirce’s Philosophy Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961
Pap, Arthur An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, Inc., 1962
Riepe, Dale The Naturalistic Tradition in Indian Thought Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1961
Shackleton, Robert Montesquieu, A Critical Biography New York: Oxford University Press, 1961
Solmsen, Friedrich Aristotle’s System of the Physical World: A Comparison with His Predecessors Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1960
Wilson, John Reason and Morals New York: Cambridge University Press, 1961

MOBY-DICK as Philosophy

Artwork by Matt Kish

Artwork by Matt Kish

Mark Anderson,  Professor of Philosophy at Belmont University,  has written and blogged his entire book about Melville, Plato, and Nietzsche. You can read the book online, free. It includes commentary for every chapter in Moby-Dick — way cool for readers of Melville and gluttons for philosophy. As Anderson says,

“This site is home to a book too unusual to interest your typical risk-averse publisher. Moby-Dick as Philosophy: Plato – Melville – Nietzsche blurs the disciplinary boundaries between literary criticism, history of philosophy, and philosophical meditation. It is a work of original creative philosophy.”


Reviving the Female Canon

In “Reviving the Female Canon” at The Atlantic Susan Price looks at efforts being made to increase the exposure of worthy female authors in philosophy and history.

Despite the spread of feminism and multiculturalism, and their impact on fields from literature to anthropology, it is possible to major in philosophy without hearing anything about the historical contributions of women philosophers. The canon remains dominated by white males—the discipline that some say still hews to the myth that genius is tied to gender.

Andrew Janiak, an associate professor of philosophy at Duke University, was a graduate student in the 1990s when he came across Kant’s startling reference to Madame Du Châtelet. “I remember thinking: Did he really mean Madame?” Janiak said. “It was the only time I’d seen a philosopher refer to the ideas of a woman.”

Now, Janiak and a team of Duke students and researchers, along with colleagues at Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania, have launched a site that features the forgotten voices of women philosophers, giving academics and students a rare opportunity to study and promote their work. Project Vox, as the site is called, posts texts and translations of 17th-century women philosophers’ work, as well as suggested syllabi for college courses featuring that work. The site is open-source, meaning that faculty and students from around the world can contribute and use materials, and has a 10-member international advisory board. According to Janiak, “a long list of folks” has already contributed or requested syllabi from the project, which went live in March.

Project Vox currently features information about Margaret Cavendish, Anne Conway, Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, the Marquise Du Châtelet, and Lady Masham. Articles such as this one point out the ongoing need to reassess the canon and correct for historical biases and blindness.


There’s More to Life Than Being Happy – The Atlantic

In 1991, the Library of Congress and Book-of-the-Month Club listed Man’s Search for Meaning as one of the 10 most influential books in the United States. It has sold millions of copies worldwide. Now, over twenty years later, the book’s ethos — its emphasis on meaning, the value of suffering, and responsibility to something greater than the self — seems to be at odds with our culture, which is more interested in the pursuit of individual happiness than in the search for meaning. “To the European,” Frankl wrote, “it is a characteristic of the American culture that, again and again, one is commanded and ordered to ‘be happy.’ But happiness cannot be pursued; it must ensue. One must have a reason to ‘be happy.'”

via There’s More to Life Than Being Happy – The Atlantic.

The Categories

The Categories

Aristotle (Translated by E. M. Edghill)


Section 1: Part 1 ~ Part 2 ~ Part 3 ~ Part 4 ~ Part 5 ~ Part 6

Section 2: Part 7 ~ Part 8

Section 3: Part 9 ~ Part 10 ~ Part 11 ~ Part 12 ~ Part 13 ~ Part 14 ~ Part 15

Section 1

Part 1

Things are said to be named ‘equivocally’ when, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. Thus, a real man and a figure in a picture can both lay claim to the name ‘animal’; yet these are equivocally so named, for, though they have a common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for each. For should any one define in what sense each is an animal, his definition in the one case will be appropriate to that case only.

On the other hand, things are said to be named ‘univocally’ which have both the name and the definition answering to the name in common. A man and an ox are both ‘animal’, and these are univocally so named, inasmuch as not only the name, but also the definition, is the same in both cases: for if a man should state in what sense each is an animal, the statement in the one case would be identical with that in the other.

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